From this analysis all elementary particles of our universe
come to life. The last detected
elementary particle, the 4D-spacetime,
must follow non-reducible from the
spin˝xspin2 + spin˝xspin1
representation, which complies to the CAP. The massless spin2 particle describes the
graviton, through which all causing
spin˝ masses interact. The massless spin1 particle describes the
EM-field, through which all causing
spin˝ charges interact. This is why only particles with spin
s Î {2,
1, ˝}
are observed and elementary particles with spin > 2
are not possible!Notice, spinless elementary particles are not given! |

A mathematical analysis shows that the average
extendedness of an harmonic oscillating extended particle is proportional to the
In weak
nuclear forces and the compound
SU(3) gauge-bosons, which represent
both the
strong nuclear
forces and the
mesons.
All given particles also have so-called anti-particles. Other
particles not resulting from a non-reducible analysis of the
complete symmetry group of our universe must be discarded.As a result of this analysis
dark matter has as only possible sources the
3
fundamental elementary chargeless particle families called
neutrinos. The neutrino masses are very small ( m < 2.2eV,
_{e}m
< 170keV, _{μ}m <
15.5MeV). On the other hand the amount of neutrinos exceeds all
other fermions. The background radiation alone results in a density
of neutrinos of about 10_{τ}^{8} neutrinos/m^{3}. When realizing that all hadronic interactions
always result into uncountable amounts of neutrinos (for example
nuclear fusion at the sun results in a neutrino flux of about
5.10^{10} neutrinos/m^{2} at
the surface of the earth).The mentioned amount of neutrinos from the background radiation of the Big Bang
(approximately 2.7 K) obviously isn't enough to obtain the required
mass density of our observed flat universe. However, our universe
also has neutrino sources resulting from all scattered
hadrons into
all spacelike directions away from the starting point of the Big Bang.
These hadronic neutrino sources are such that the Big Bang
contribution is !
negligibleNeutrinos have very very small masses
and as a result travel with speeds comparable to the maximum
massless-speed of light. Consequently the mass density of the
neutrinos is very homogenic. This explains the flatness of our universe,
even though visible mass enforces completely different conclusions.Elementary Higgs mechanism
contradicts
CAP. This is why I assume
a Higgs
particle will never be found. A SR
description is sufficient for all observations on the surface of our
earth. Curvature is only needed on cosmic scales, like our solar
system, etc.. Still, the gravitational action must be taken into
account in any description according to
CAP. This implies for any
SR description, including all
QM descriptions, that all
elementary particles must be described extended in the
2D-plane orthogonal to the observed
direction of motion, i.e. the SR
worldline. The solutions of this SR
extendedness have all characteristics of the well-known Hilbert-space.
I.e. it solves problem
6
of the
23
problems of David Hilbert.All appearing divergences in all used
Q(uantum)F(ield)T(heories)
disappear after describing all elementary particles correctly
SR as extended particles in the 2D-plane
orthogonal to the observed direction of motion (SR
worldline). As a result of this extendedness, the minimum average
distance between fermions is equal to the
Planck-length.Last but not least I'll mention that all uncertainty relations of QM
are explained completely, and that all 2D-string
theories, with more than 4D-spacetime
contradict the fundamental basics of why our universe is as observed.
Only remember the assumed
Super Symmetry
in Superstring theories, in
which symmetry between all fermions ↔ bosons
is needed.
Super Symmetry
results in 3
families of bosons with different rest-masses only(selectron,
smuon, stauon).
A simple mathematical analysis shows that only fermions have
different families and of all elementary bosons only one species is
possible. Also the assumed 2
independent causes of uncertainty (QM
and extendedness of the string) are false,
áll
uncertainty relations of QM are
explained by
CAP and all elementary particles
must have uncertainty in their positions equal to the
Planck-length.
Remember that in QM the energy
of an elementary particle is given by the measured frequency. This
frequency just is the observed frequency of oscillation in the
2D-plane orthogonal to the observed
direction of motion. This oscillation is also detectable along the
direction of motion and in this way explains
Heisenberg's
uncertainty relations.It is often acclaimed that the
QM uncertainty relations cannot be
explained using hidden variables. Remember
Bell's
inequalities. Only if every experiment
satisfies these statistic inequalities, hidden variables are
possible. Very many
experiments have shown that physics does not comply to
Bell's inequalities. The major problem
in these experiments
is the fact that all these experiments always use uncountable many elementary
particles, even if average decay results into extreme high
probability of one particle passing the wave-particle splitter one
at a time. Any detected interference pattern always requires
uncountable particles hitting a detector. Only one particle passing
a more paths experiment is not possible, because in all experiments
the frequency of the particles coming from the source must me known
and all such sources require an experimental setup yielding
uncountable interacting particles, which hit one or more detectors.
Up to this day
Bell's
statistical inequalities aren't proven wrong!Last change: 20-08-2009 15:56:02 |