Black Holes
**
26 particles**
Elementary particles?
What is mass?
**
Handedness!!**
Mathematical Knots
Axioms of QFT
**
Theories Of Everything!
**
**
Our Big Bang** |
**
ACHENBACH**
Ir. M.T. de Hoop
Born on: 13-08-1965
in Delft
Lion
**
Final **
**Conclusions:**
**
Einstein**'s
**C****AP**
demands all elementary particles to be described extended in
the **2D**-plane orthogonal
to the direction of motion.
This extendedness explains the **
QM** **
spin** completely. The elementary
spinless** **(scalar)**
Higgs**
particle is *fiction*
due to not taking into account the **
gravitational action** in any **
QM** analysis!
All **2D**-string theories
are mathematical wrong, because these theories assume a *
***
more** then
**4D****-****spacetime**,
of which **6** or **
7** are contracted to the **
Planck-lengt****h**!
in a so-called **
Calabi-Yau** manifold.
**Moreover, **
**
Superstring** only is valid if
**
Super-Symmetry** is valid.
**
Super-Symmetry** contradicts any valid
non-reducible description of physics on all aspects!
*
*__
Albert Einstein__:
**
**__If you can't explain it
simply,
you jú____st
don't understand it well-enough!__
**
GR CAP => QM =>
**
**
TOE**
**=>** **
QM** |
Quantum
Mechanics
Compliant to Albert Einstein's **CAP**,
the
Graviton múst be included in any model of reality & Only 4D-analyses are able to describe (*math.* Closed-)
Knots (*i.e. allow fermions*)** =>** Stable Particles can
ónly be analyzed
(***CAP**-**dual**)
as:
**Ideal Harmonic
Oscillating **math. **Point-Waves in
the 2D-Plane* Perpendicular to the Direction-of-Motion** (*SR worldline*)
**with** **
CAP**- **dual**
**
Open- **
(*fermions*)**
or Closed- **
(*bosons*)**
Boundary Conditions.**** **
(1)
**
CAP**-** dual**,
force-fields are either elementary __
spin 2 Symmetrical__ described by the
orthogonal, so invisible,
rest-masses > 0 - related Graviton or visible
analyzable __spin 1 Anti-Symmetrical__
non-zero
charge-densities (*=> rest-masses > 0*) related force-fields, described by so-called
Gauge-Symmetries. The C(omplete)N(on-Reducible) Gauge-Symmetry of
**
***only-possible* 4D-Spacetime &
**
CAP**-** dual** 4D-Momentumenergy analyses are the always
used Gauge-Symmetries of the
*in-complete*
Standard-Model: **
**__U(1)__ x __SU(2)__ x __SU(3)__: **U(1) x SU(2)**
describe the U(1) **–**
EM-field describing the Photon
CN representing the EM-field with it's (spin) 1 x (anti-symmetrical) 6
= 6 degrees-of-freedom and the 3 SU(2) – Gauge-Symmetry both charged (non-zero
charge-densities) and massive (rest-masses > zero) weak nuclear force bosons {W^{±},
Z} mixed by the
Weinberg-angle. The last possible Gauge-Symmetry, **SU(3)** describes the
3 Fermi-Families with ónly different rest-masses (> 0) resulting into
**
CAP**-** dual**
2 x 3 = 6 different **spin 1½** so-called
Quarks
{(up,
down), (strange,
charm), (top,
bottom)}, which in the also not-understood
so-called
Quantum Chromo-Dynamics of
**
QM**
are incorrectly
assumed to be (*stable*) spin ½ fermions with as a direct result of that
also required so-called also ** ***dual* (spin
±½)
Isospin ½!
Notify, that compliant to the
**
CAP** all possible math. expressions of reality must be described with
stable elementary Leptons &
**
CAP**-**dual**
compound spin ½ fermions, called
Baryons. **Fermions**
the primary-sources of all bosons are described with **Open -
Boundary Conditions** & **Bosons** *múst* be described with **Closed-BC**
(*allowing ***
CAP**-**dual**
2 zero rest-mass bosons), see expression (1).
The math. explicitly described
(**CAP**-** dual**)
conserved
**
spin** (*in the
direction-of-motion*) makes
it evident that still assumed to be valid __
elementary__
spinless
bosons (Higgs
mechanism) which as a
direct result can
not carry energy proportional to a
frequency
must be
__discarded__ as an incorrect
assumption!
Albert Einstein's theory of General Relativity, which was
solved in a higher-dimensional
Riemannian-manifold to describe **
gravitational-curvature** of 4D-Spacetime, was __
__**not** solved correctly! Spin 2-**dual**
Curvature of the ónly Fermions (*Open-BC
=> knots!*) allowing easy
imaginable 4D-Spacetime &
(**CAP**-**dual**)
4D-Momentumenergy Analyses **must** be __
included__ to describe Physics compliant to the **
CAP**!
**
QM** models use an
analyzed *not even* *(***required necessary**) ** **__Complete Non-Reducible__ set-of **easy
linear, i.e.** "**mathematical**"**,** **
Point-Particles** analyses. As a direct
result these models
have to use math. * *__non-logical__ so-called ** "**__intrinsic__" properties related to
the analyzed **
26** different stable “**Quantum
Particles**” in __our__ **3 Fermi-Families** universe!
All
stable (*elementary & compound*) "**quantized**"
Particles **always** have Energy **÷**
Frequency f: E =
h **·**
f
=
ħ **·**
ω
**Always r****equired
Energies
> 0 of
Quantum Particles
implies ***
NOT* Point-like Spacetime-like
extensiveness with conserved Ideal Harmonic Oscillating Properties!
All
__elementary__ particles have Conserved (**experimental-proven**)
**
Non-Zero** **Angular-Momentum in the Direction-of-Motion**
(Helicity
of the
**
CAP**-**dual**
2 **orthogonal**
zero rest-mass bosons {Graviton &
Photon} &
Chirality in all other “massive”-cases) related
to their conserved "*oscillating*" energies usually called
Spin, which
in
**
QM**
is __incorrectly__ assumed to be an
__intrinsic__
property of stable analyzable
**
QM**
Pointlike-Objects.
In line
with Albert Einstein's theory of
General
Relativity any valid model of reality **must** comply to the
**C****omprehensive Action Principle**, i.e.
** **__always__ include the dependent, so **required**,
*(orthogonal
ónly elem. *__symmetrical__ spin 2)
**Gravitational-field**!
**
NB**
Albert Einstein __never__ realized these "**difficult**"
**
QM**
requirements of his developed **
CAP** himself, because he didn't like the non-logical behavior of these in his "math." linear logical-eyes really
mis-understood
“**Stupid Statistical**”
**
Q**uantum
**M**echanical
analyses of reality!
Einstein's 1^{st}
Nobel-prize of the Photo-Electric effect
proofs that the
EM-field
is CN represented by
Photons,
but he
disliked the used simple Point-Particles analyses of
**
QM**, even though all
particles have Energy proportional to a Frequency! I.e.** ****
No ideal conserved harmonic oscillating energy =>
No Spin => No Stable elem. Particle!**
So, to analyze “**Quantum
Mechanics**” CN Logical Consistently __compliant to the__
**
CAP**, stable elementary and **
CAP**-**dual**
otherwise stable compound “**Particles**”
must be described CN as math. **dual** (*orthogonal in 2 different
ways**) **ideal** __oscillating__ identities (1) above:
**Ideal Harmonic
Oscillating **math. **Point-Waves in
the 2D-Plane* Orthogonal to the Direction-of-Motion** (*SR worldline*)
**with** **
CAP**- **dual**
**
Open-
or Closed- Boundary Conditions.**
So,
__elementary__
particles have Energy proportional to a Frequency &
Conserved
__non-zero__
Angular-Momentum in
the direction-of-motion
(Helicity
of the
**
CAP**-**dual**
2 perpendicular zero rest-mass bosons {Graviton & **orthogonal**
Photon} &
Chirality in all other “massive”-cases). The last-property is usually
called
spin *(in
the direction-of-motion)* as an __incorrectly__ assumed so-called “**intrinsic**”
property of elementary always analyzed math. Point-Particles in the *
still not-understood*
so-called
**
QM**
A **
CAP**-**dual**
logical (math.) CN theory where all possible particles with all their required
extended properties are explicitly described & explained CN according to (1) to
math. logically explain
**
QM**
**
spin**
math. solved in the __resulting__ Complex-**dual**
Hilbert-Space of *not-understood*
**
QM**.
Last change:
14-02-2021 17:00:18 |